Molluscan assemblages from circalittoral and bathyal soft bottoms of the northern Alboran Sea
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AuthorsRueda, J.L. (José Luis); Farias, C. (Carlos); Gallardo-Núñez, M. (Marina); Gallardo-Roldan, Helena; Mateo-Ramírez, Angel; Díaz, Alfonso; Moya-Urbano, E. (Elena); González-García, E. (Emilio); Urra, J. (Javier); Ordines, F. (Francesc); González-Aguilar, M. (María); Salas, Carmen; García-Ruiz, C. (Cristina)
Editor/sDíaz-del-Río-Español, V. (Víctor); Bárcenas, Patricia; Fernández-Salas, L.M. (Luis Miguel); López-González, N. (Nieves); Palomino, D. (Desirée); Rueda, J.L. (José Luis); Sánchez-Guillamón, O. (Olga); Vázquez, J.T. (Juan Tomás)
Molluscan assemblages from shelf and slope soft bottoms of the Alboran Sea have been sampled with a beam trawl during 2014 and 2015 MEDITS expeditions. A total of 134 spp. of molluscs (shell size > 3 mm) were identified, being gastropods the most diverse and dominant group. Four main depth related assemblages were detected in multivariate analyses and characterized by (1) Turritella communis, Chamelea striatula and Nucula sulcata for the inner shelf, (2) Timoclea ovata, Clelandella miliaris and Neopycnodonte cochlear for the outer shelf, (3) Nassarius ovoideus, Calumbonella suturale and N. sulcata for the upper slope and (4) Abra longicallus, Euspira fusca and Aporrhais serresianus for the middle slope. Species richness and abundance decreased with depth, unlike evenness and Shannon-Wiener diversity which displayed an opposite pattern. A higher spatial variability was detected for the shelf, indicating that more assemblages may occur at this level and further sampling is needed ...
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