Divinyl chlorophyll a in the marine eukaryotic protist Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae)
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AuthorsRodríguez, F. (Francisco); Garrido, J.L. (José Luis); Sobrino, C. (Cristina); Johnsen, G. (Geir); Riobó, P. (Pilar); Franco, J.M. (José Mariano); Aamot, I. (Inga); Ramilo-Rivero, M.I. (María Isabel); Sanz, N. (Noelia); Kremp, A. (Anke)
Here it is reported the first detection of DV-chl a together with the usual chl a in the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii from the Baltic Sea. Growth response and photosynthetic parameters were examined at two irradiances (80 and 240 μmol photons m−2 s−1) and temperatures (15°C and 19°C) in a divinylic strain (AOTV-OS20) versus a monovinylic one (AOTV-OS16), using in vivo chl a fluorescence kinetics of PSII to characterize photosynthetic parameters by pulse amplitude modulated fluorescence, 14C assimilation rates and toxin analyses. The divinylic isolate exhibited slower growth and stronger sensitivity to high irradiance than normal chl a strain. DV-chl a : chl a ratios decreased along time (from 11.3 to < 0.5 after 10 months) and to restore them sub-cloning and selection of strains with highest DV-chl a content was required. A mutation and/or epigenetic changes in the expression of divinyl reductase gene/s in A. ostenfeldii may explain this altered pigment composition. ...