Intra-pituitary relationship of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone during pubertal development in Atlantic Bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus)
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AuthorsBerkovich, N.; Corriero, A.; Santamaria, N.; Mylonas, C.C. (Constantinos C.); Vassallo-Agius, R.; de-la-Gándara, F. (Fernando); Meiri-Ashkenazi, I.; Zlatnikov, V.; Gordin, H.; Bridges, C.R. (Christopher R.); Rosenfeld, H.
KeywordsAtlantic bluefin tuna
As part of the endeavor aiming at the domestication of Atlantic bluefin tuna (BFT; Thunnus thynnus), first sexual maturity in captivity was studied by documenting its occurrence and by characterizing the key hormones of the reproductive axis: follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The full length sequence encoding for the related hormone b-subunits, bftFSHb and bftLHb, were determined, revealing two bftFSHb mRNA variants, differing in their 50 untranslated region. A quantitative immuno-dot-blot assay to measure pituitary FSH content in BFT was developed and validated enabling, for the first time in this species, data sets for both LH and FSH to be compared. The expression and accumulation patterns of LH in the pituitary showed a steady increase of this hormone, concomitant with fish age, reaching higher levels in adult females compared to males of the same age class. Conversely, the pituitary FSH levels were elevated only in 2Y and adult fish. The ...