A decade of sampling in the Bay of Biscay: What are the zooplankton time series telling us?
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AuthorsValdés-Santurio, L. (Luis); Lopéz-Urrutia, Á. (Ángel); Cabal, J. (Jesús); Álvarez-Ossorio-Costa, M.T. (María Teresa); Bode, A. (Antonio); Miranda, A. (Ana); Cabanas-López, J.M. (José Manuel); Huskin-Camino, I. (Ignacio); Anadón, R. (Ricardo); Álvarez-Marqués, F. (Florentina); Llope, M. (Marcos); Rodriguez, N.
The project “Studies on time series of oceanographic data” was established as a pilot project by the Instituto Español de Oceanografía (I.E.O.) in 1991. After more than a decade, the project has grown to encompass a network of 19 sampling stations in five different transects along the North and Northwest coast of Spain: Vigo, Coruña, Cudillero, Gijón and Santander beginning in 1987, 1988, 1993, 2001, 1991, respectively. At each location a coastal-ocean gradient is sampled monthly for hydrography, nutrients and planktonic communities. We have used these data to set with statistical significance the range of variability of several environmental variables and biological communities and determined the rates and trends of warming due to climate change as well as to describe some direct and indirect effects of the increase in water temperature on the pelagic ecology. The project had substantially contributed to get a deeper knowledge on planktonic communities and species and to produce baselines, ...