Growth of young cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) at the upper end of the biological distribution temperature range.
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AuthorsRodrigues-dos-Santos-Domingues, P.M. (Pedro Miguel); Kingston, T.; Sykes, A. (António); Andrade, J.P. (Jose Pedro)
Individual growth rates, feeding rates (%BWd−1) and food conversions for cuttlefish (S. officinalis) hatchlings and juveniles were determined during this study. A flow-through system was used. Water temperature reached 30 °C during the hottest part of the day, gradually decreasing to 25 °C during the night; salinity varied between 37 ± 3 ppt and lights were kept on for 14 h day−1. Hatchlings were placed in separate compartments with a water volume of 1.2 L. Juvenile cuttlefish (from 0.5 to 25 g) were placed in bigger baskets, with a water volume of 5.2 L. Water flow was 120 L h−1. The biggest cuttlefish used in these experiments (> 25 g) were gathered in groups of five and placed in circular tanks (water volume of 250–300 L). Thus, results obtained in this case are means and not individual data. During the first 10, 20, 30 and 40 days, mean growth rates (of all individuals sampled by age group) decreased consistently (11.8 ± 4.1, 9.8 ± 1.8, 8.1 ± 2.2 and 7.3 ± 0.7%BW−1 respectively); in ...