Biological Role of fish antimicrobial peptides
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In this review we will focus on the functions of known fish antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Though there is significant information about the gene structure and transcript regulation of several fish AMPs the role of their synthetic or recombinant peptides is scarcely known. Thus, some studies have demonstrated the direct effect of fish AMPs, mainly beta-defensins, on fish immunostimulation as well as powerful antibacterial or antiviral peptides.