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dc.contributor.authorRueda, J.L. (José Luis) 
dc.contributor.authorGallardo Roldán, H. (Helena)
dc.contributor.authorLuque, V. (Vanessa)
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Rodríguez, F.J. (Francisco José) 
dc.contributor.authorLópez-González, N. (Nieves) 
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Salas, L.M. (Luis Miguel) 
dc.contributor.authorDíaz-del-Río-Español, V. (Víctor) 
dc.contributor.authorSantana-Casiano, J.M (Juana Magdalena)
dc.contributor.authorFraile-Nuez, E. (Eugenio) 
dc.contributor.authorVázquez, J.T. (Juan Tomás) 
dc.contributor.editorIV Congress of Marine Sciences
dc.coverage.temporal2013-2014es_ES
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-03T18:46:57Z
dc.date.available2014-10-03T18:46:57Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-11
dc.identifier.isbn978-84-697-0471-4es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10508/2717
dc.description.abstractIn October 2011, the shallow submarine eruption of the southern part of El Hierro (Canary Islands) caused severe effects in the seafloor morphology and substrate composition (e.g. lava extrussion and construction of the volcanic edifice), the water column (e.g. acidification, deoxygenation and fertilization) and the biological communities (e.g. changes in the composition and functioning of communities) (Fraile-Nuez et al. 2012; Santana-Casiano et al. 2013). Due to this natural event, habitats and associated biota have experimented changes at different levels and in different parts of this new seafloor volcanic structure. Underwater images obtained with VOR Aphia 2012 (October 2013) and ROV Liropus 2000 (March 2014) as well as samples collected with a benthic dredge in March and October 2013 have made possible the study of the benthic and demersal organisms that persisted after this acute natural event as well as those that are recolonizing the recently formed volcanic bottoms. During the eruption, material of variable size and texture buried previous existing habitats and associated biota, except in certain bathyal bottoms close to the base of this new seafloor structure (200 - 500 m depth) where slow-growing suspension-feeders such as antipatharians (e.g. Stichopathes cf. gracilis, Antipathes furcata), small gorgonians (e.g. Acanthogorgia, Bebryce) and lithistid sponges still increase the bottom complexity when compared to those buried bottoms. Among them, small colonies of cold-water corals (probably Dendrophyllia cornigera and Cladocora debilis) also occur, but mostly represented by dead specimens. In both March and October 2013, benthic dredge samples collected lava rocks and gravels that were poorly colonized by invertebrates, together with remains of antipatharians and dead cold-water corals. In shallower parts of the flanks of the volcano (ca. 200m depth), most previously existing habitats formed by antipatharians have been buried after the eruptive processes and the recent lava rocks are starting to be colonized by small and scarce colonies of hydrozoans, serpulids and small size echinoids (e.g. Coelopleurus floridianus), among other species. Nevertheless, the gravel bottoms at this bathimetric level display a higher degree of colonization, with higher abundances of polychaetes (e.g. Glyceridae, Polynoidae), decapods (e.g. Alpheus spp., Heterocrypta maltzami) and some molluscs (e.g. Nassaridae), probably linked to previous succesful recruitment events or horizontal movements from adjacent unimpacted bottoms. The fish Anthias anthias and the decapod P. narval are two of the top dominant demersal organisms that have recolonized this area after the eruption. Close to the summit, one of the top-dominant sessile macroinvertebrates is the oyster Neopycnodonte cochlear, which occurs at densities of more than 100 indiv. m􀀀�2 in some of the large lava rocks and represent one of the first sessile colonizers of the lava erupted by the vulcano. This filter feeder is also very abundant on black-corals and undisturbed hard substrates located nearby at similar depths and may have benefited from the new micro-habitats available in the hard bottoms formed and the fertilization process after the eruptive event. In general, a pattern of decreasing species richness of benthic-demersal organisms has been found from close to the summit to the base of the volcano, where the low colonization rate is a result of the lower number of potential species that are able to recolonize these substrates, the specific biological features of these species (e.g. slow growth rates, small reproductive outputs) and the oligotrophic character of the water masses when compared to the summit. The findings highlight that the volcanic eruption firstly buried most previously existing habitats and later on created a highly unstable and corrosive environment that affected some slow-growing organisms (e.g. cold-water corals) but not others (e.g. antipatharians). Nevertheless, the eruption provided nutrients that are important for primary pelagic production that may have also promoted the establishment of dense populations of some sessile suspension feeders (e.g. N. cochlear, hydrozoans) in the newly formed hard substrates. This study has been funded by the project VULCANO (CTM2012-36317) and MONTERA (CTM2009- 14157-C02) and we deeply appreciate the help of the Captains and all the crews of R/V A´ ngeles Alvarin˜o and R/V Ram´on Margalef as well as other colleagues during the sampling expeditions. FEDER funding assigned to construction of R/V Ramo´n Margalef (FICTS-2011-03-01) and R/V A´ ngeles Alvarin˜o (FICTS-2011-03-02) is also acknowledged.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherIV Congress of Marine Scienceses_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/*
dc.titleBenthic and demersal communities after the submarine eruption of El Hierro: Spatial patterns of survival and colonization of faunaes_ES
dc.typebookPartes_ES
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationBook of Abstracts submitted to the IV Congress of Marine Sciences.. IV Congress of Marine Sciences (ed.). IV Congress of Marine Sciences. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (España). 2014. 2 pp: 378-379*
dc.description.versionVersión del editores_ES
dc.publisher.centreCentro Oceanográfico de Málagaes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccesses_ES
dc.coverage.spatialStudyAtlantic Oceanen_US
dc.coverage.spatialStudyCentral Atlanticen_US
dc.coverage.spatialStudyEastern Central Atlanticen_US
dc.coverage.spatialStudyCanary Islandsen_US


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