By-catch frequency and size differentiation in loggerhead turtles as a function of surface longline gear type in the western Mediterranean Sea
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AuthorsBáez, J.C. (José Carlos); Macías-López, A.D. (Ángel David); Camiñas-Hernández, J.A. (Juan Antonio); Ortiz-de-Urbina-Gutiérrez, J.M. (José María); García-Barcelona, S. (Salvador); Bellido-Millán, J.M. (José María); Real, R.
Keywordsby-catch, conservation biology, fisheries, long-lived animals
Fisheries by-catch is considered to be a major threat to loggerhead turtles in the Mediterranean Sea. Technical differences in both gear configurations (e.g. hook and bait type) and fisheries operations carried out by the Spanish Mediterranean surface longline fleet could have an effect on by-catch rates and size selectivity. The aim of the present study was to test the differences in by-catch per unit effort and body size of loggerhead sea turtles caught using different gear types in the Mediterranean surface longline fishery. Our results suggest that differences in the gear type used have an effect on catch rates and size selec- tivity. Thus, surface longliners targeting albacore (LLALB) using smaller hooks tend to capture smaller loggerheads but have the highest by-catch per unit of effort (BPUE), whereas other longlines, such as surface longliners targeting bluefin tuna (LLJAP) and traditional surface longliners targeting swordfish (LLHB), using larger hooks tend to select the ...