Molecular characterization and developmental expression patterns of apolipoprotein a-i in senegalese sole (solea senegalensis kaup)
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AuthorsRomán-Padilla, J. (Javier); Rodríguez-Rúa, A. (Ana); Manchado, M. (Manuel); Hachero-Cruzado, I. (Ismael)
The apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) is an essential component of the high density lipoproteins (HDL). In this study, the cDNA and genomic sequences of this apolipoprotein were characterized for first time in Solea senegalensis. The predicted polypeptide revealed conserved structural features including ten repeats in the lipid-binding domain and some residues involved in cholesterol interaction and binding. The gene structure analysis identified four exons and three introns. Moreover, the synteny analysis revealed that apoA-I did not localize with other apolipoproteins indicating a divergent evolution with respect to the apoA-IV and apoE cluster. The phylogenetic analyses identified two distinct apoA-I paralogs in Ostariophysi (referred to as Ia and Ib) and only one (Ib) in Acanthopterygii. Whole-mount in situ hybridization located the apoA-I signal mainly in the yolk syncytial layer in lecitotrophic larval stages. Later at mouth opening, the mRNA signals were detected mainly in liver and ...