Hydrate occurrence in Europe: a review of available evidence
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AuthorsMinshull, T.; Marín-Moreno, H.; Betlem, P.; Bialas, J.; Buenz, S.; Burwicz, E.; Cameselle, A.L.; Cifci, G.; Giustiniani, M.; Hillman, J.I.T.; Hölz, S.; Hopper, J.R.; Ion, G.; León, R.; Magalhaes, V.; Makovsky, Y.; Mata, M.P. (María Pilar); Max, M.D.; Ostrovsky, I.; Nielsen, T.; O'Neill, N.; Pinheiro, L.M.; Plaza-Faverola, A.A.; Rey, D.; Roy, S.; Schwalenberg, K.; Senger, K.; Vadakkepuliyambatta, S.; Vasilev, A.; Vázquez, J.T. (Juan Tomás)
Large national programs in the United States and several Asian countries have defined and characterised their marine methane hydrate occurrences in some detail, but European hydrate occurrence has received less attention. The European Union-funded project “Marine gas hydrate – an indigenous resource of natural gas for Europe” (MIGRATE) aimed to determine the European potential inventory of exploitable gas hydrate, to assess current technologies for their production, and to evaluate the associated risks. We present a synthesis of results from a MIGRATE working group that focused on the definition and assessment of hydrate in Europe. Our review includes the western and eastern margins of Greenland, the Barents Sea and onshore and offshore Svalbard, the Atlantic margin of Europe, extending south to the northwestern margin of Morocco, the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the western and southern margins of the Black Sea. We have not attempted to cover the high Arctic, the Russian, ...