Otolith phenotypic variability of the blue jack mackerel, Trachurus picturatus, from the Canary Islands (NE Atlantic): Implications in its population dynamic
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AuthorsTuset, V.M. (Víctor Manuel); Jurado-Ruzafa, A. (Alba); Otero-Ferrer, J.L. (José Luis); Santamaría, M.T.G. (María Teresa García)
Small pelagic fish
Studies have described the presence of different population units of blue jack mackerel, Trachurus picturatus, in the NE Atlantic region. However, the hypothesis of several populations has been subtly questioned due to the high similarity in the otolith shape among some regions. It suggests the possibility of migrations processes connecting them, especially between Madeira, the Canary Islands and the African coast, being the Canary Islands the region with higher potential of mixing due to the oceanographic conditions. In order to explore this hypothesis, we quantified the phenotypic variability in the otolith contour of the blue jack mackerel from Canary Islands using wavelets as mathematical descriptor. Our findings revealed the presence of three otolith phenotypes (M1, M2 and M3) in similar proportions. They were not linked to sex, age and size, but showed temporal variations associated with spawning, recruitment and feeding seasons. The best model to explain the population structure ...