Taurine metabolism and effects of inclusion levels in rotifer (Brachionus rotundiformis, Tschugunoff, 1921) on Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, L.) larvae
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AuthorsBetancor, M.B.; Laurent, G.R.; Ortega-García, A. (Aurelio); de-la-Gándara, F. (Fernando); Tocher, D.R.; Mourente, G.
Taurine appears to be a crucial nutrient for teleosts, especially top predator species such as Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, L.; ABT). While dietary taurine supplementation has been highly recommended, there is a lack of studies on taurine assimilation and biosynthesis for this iconic species. The present study aims to provide insight into the molecular mechanisms involved in taurine biosynthesis and transport in ABT by studying tissue distribution and ontogenetic development of expression of cysteine dioxygenase (cdo), cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (csad), 2-aminoethanethiol dioxygenase (ado) and taurine transporter (tauT) in response to graded levels of dietary taurine supplementation. The full open reading frame (ORF) for cdo and partial sequences for csad, ado and tauT were obtained, with the translated polypeptides being 202, 176, 166 and 324 amino acids, respectively. All three showed characteristics such as cupin motifs in Cdo and predicted N-glycosylation sites ...
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