Following the Mediterranean path through the Atlantic: the MEDWAVES cruise
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Mediterranean outflow water
The Strait of Gibraltar (SG) and the surrounding areas, Gulf of Cadiz (GoC) in the Atlantic, and Alboran Sea (AS) in the Mediterranean, are key areas to understanding the distribution and connectivity of marine communities, as the SG and the meeting of water masses at the Almeria Oran front represent an oceanographic transition area, connecting the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) flows out from Gibraltar and extends towards the East of the Atlantic, building a warm and salty water mass which propagates in North West direction from Portugal originating the “Mediterranean Water“ (MW) in the Atlantic. This warm and salty water mass becomes characteristic of the North Atlantic in mid waters (around 1100 m). The occurrence of cold-water coral (CWC) communities in the NE Atlantic has been related to the pathway of the MOW, whereby this current system would have an historical influence on the migration of coral larvae and (re)colonisation of the ...
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