Age of spent Octopus vulgaris and stress mark analysis using beaks of wild individuals
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AuthorsPerales-Raya, C. (Catalina); Jurado-Ruzafa, A. (Alba); Bartolomé-Baraza, A. (Aurora); Duque-Nogal, V. (Verónica); Carrasco-Henarejos, M.N. (María Nazaret); Fraile-Nuez, E. (Eugenio)
Age estimation of the cephalopod Octopus vulgaris by using beaks has improved in recent years, but maximum age and longevity in the wild have not been confirmed due to the low availability of senescent wild octopuses. In this study, a beak analysis of lateral wall surfaces (LWS) from 20 spent specimens confirmed the one-year lifecycle of the species in Central East Atlantic waters. Stress marks (checks) were clearly located in the daily increment sequence of rostrum sagittal sections (RSS). The highest daily variations in sea surface temperature (ΔT) that occurred during the last months of their lifetimes coincided with the locations of the marks on the beak, enabling confirmation of O. vulgaris beaks as life recorders for the first time. It also supports the daily deposition of RSS beak increments in the wild. Individuals were grouped into two main zones, at 20ºN and 18ºN respectively. Both groups showed different thermal check patterns, in accordance with the oceanographic differences. ...
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