Gamete biology: Perspectives for Bluefin Tuna Aquaculture
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AuthorsFauvel, C.; Suquet, M.; de-la-Gándara, F. (Fernando); Medina, A.; Abascal, F.J. (Francisco Javier); Mylonas, C.C.
Taking care of fish reproductive physiology and gamete biology allowed significant progresses in fry production control for many commercially interesting fish. Can it be a similar situation for bluefin tuna? Fish gamete production results from long processes controlled mainly by climatic conditions, mediated by neuroendocrine and endocrine factors. The possibility to monitor the development of germinal cells by successive sampling in individual fish which easily breed in captivity, has allowed learning about the sequences of gametogenesis and their control, as well as important characteristics of fish gamete biology. The female ovarian cycle involves a progressive accumulation of yolk in the oocytes (i.e., vitellogenesis), followed by cytoplasmic and nuclear events related to maturation and ovulation. The phases of vitellogenesis and maturation are of different duration in different species. In captive fish the endocrine regulation of reproduction may be disrupted by stress, thus ...
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