Assessment and management of western Mediterranean small-scale fisheries
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AuthorsQuetglas, A. (Antoni); Merino, G. (Gorka); Ordines, F. (Francesc); Guijarro, B. (Beatriz); Garau, A. (Antoni); Grau, A.M. (Antoni M.); Oliver, P. (Pere); Massutí, E. (Enric)
Surplus production model
Maximum sustainable yield (MSY)
Nearly 75% of European fishing vessels belongs to small-scale fisheries (SSF). However, SSF have received little attention compared to industrial fisheries. In the Mediterranean Sea, where the SSF traditionally had a high socio-economic relevance, there is a widespread interest in securing its sustainable exploitation and viability. Here we analyze the SSF from Mallorca (Balearic Islands) using fishery statistics from the last 25 years (1990–2014). Although fleet size declined markedly (−55%), landings remained constant which might be related to different, not mutually exclusive explanations such as a decrease in unreported catches, stagnant and closed market or technological creeping. Multivariate analysis revealed eight different fishing tactics corresponding to the main target species. Aggregated, these eight species accounted for 52% and 71% of SSF landings weight and value, respectively. The fishery of these species is markedly seasonal and the landings of most of them showed important ...
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