Prokaryotic picoplankton spatial distribution during summer in a haline front in the Balearic Sea, Western Mediterranean
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AuthorsMena, C. (Catalina); Reglero, P. (Patricia); Ferriol, P. (Pere); Torres, A.P. (Asvin Pérez); Aparicio-González, A. (Alberto); Balbín, R. (Rosa); Santiago, R. (Rocío); Moyà, G. (Gabriel); Alemany, F. (Francisco); Agawin, N.S.R. (Nona S.R.)
Western Mediterranean Sea
In oligotrophic regions, picophytoplankton can play a key role in total carbon production and energy transfer. Since the mesoscale hydrographic variability can influence the resource availability and therefore the biological communities, here we studied the linkage between hydrography, resource supply, abundance, and biomass contribution of prokaryotic picoplankton in the south Balearic Sea during the stratified season. The sampling area covered the confluence of two different water masses, the fresher new Atlantic water, and the saltier resident Atlantic water. Our results showed higher Synechococcus abundances in the more oligotrophic new Atlantic water mass and suggest that the spatial patterns of prokaryotic picophytoplankton are dictated by the mesoscale processes in this region. The summer stratification condition separated clearly the surface mixed layer (ML) from the deep layer (DL); our results support different limiting factors for picophytoplankton in the two layers: nutrient ...
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