IEOOS: the Spanish Institute of Oceanography Observing System
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AuthorsTel, E. (Elena); Balbín, R. (Rosa); Cabanas-López, J.M. (José Manuel); García-Fernández, M.J. (María Jesús); García-Martínez, M.C. (María del Carmen); González-Pola, C. (César); Lavín, A. (Alicia); López-Jurado, J.L. (José Luis); Rodríguez, C. (Carmen); Ruiz-Villarreal, M. (Manuel); Sánchez-Leal, R.F. (Ricardo Félix); Vargas-Yáñez, M. (Manuel); Vélez-Belchí, P. (Pedro)
Since its foundation, 100 years ago, the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) has been observing and measuring the ocean characteristics. Here is a summary of the initiatives of the IEO in the field of the operational oceanography. Some systems like the tide gauges network has been working for more than 70 years. The standard sections began at different moments depending on the local projects, and nowadays there are more than 180 coastal stations and deep-sea ones that are systematically sampled, obtaining physical and biochemical measurements. At this moment, the Observing System includes six permanent moorings equipped with current meters, an open-sea ocean-meteorological buoy offshore Santander and a sea-surface temperature satellite image station. It also supports the Spanish contribution to the Argo international programme with 47 deployed profilers, and continuous monitoring thermosalinometers, meteorological stations and vessel-mounted acoustic Doppler current profilers on the ...
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